The first ecological application of of fungi is that they act as a decomposers in an ecosystem as you may have familiar with the ecosystem ecosystem is made up of the biotic plus or biotic things right now in this ecosystem many life processes are happening and in these life processes many animals tend to become the day right many plants as well as the animals did in this ecosystem now these dead plants and animals are decomposed by the decomposers.
Which are made up of the bacteria and fungi that is from the Ovilus bacteria combined act as a decomposers in an ecosystem now all this dead material is decomposed by the battery and fungi and in this process of become position they break down inorganic compounds present in the dead animals into the organic compounds and these organic compounds are later available to the living plants and animals that means these decomposers a space bridge between providing thee the compounds.
Which are available to the living organism and the compounds which are not available to the living organism that means you cannot imagine and he a system without the decomposers because if there were no decomposers the ecosystem will made up of the dead plants and animals that means if the dead animals and plants not get decomposed they will remain as it is and it will disrupt the whole chain inner ecosystem were the decomposers turn this very important function of decomposing the dead material now in this picture you can see here all the dead material is decomposed by the become puzzles and converted into the form.
That is readily available to the other living organisms wait so decomposers made available the nutrients to the living organism in the very simpler organic forms so this is the very first important ecological function of an fungi there they act as he decomposes in an ecosystem all right now similarly important ecological function of a fungi is they’re traditionally higher plants as you may have heard about fungi forming though symbiotic relationship with the angiosperms and not only with NGOs bomb they also form symbiotic association with the gymnosperms now in this association the fungus tends to present on the roots of the higher plants now this association between the fungus and the higher plants is combinely called as the Maiko rising this relationship between the fungus.
The higher plants is popularly called as the mycorrhizae now this micro SD maybe tea if to my crazy or end oh my christ all right these types depends upon whether fungus is present outside of d on the outer surface of the root of entire plant or present inside of the cells of roots of her hands all right if they present on the outer surface of the root then it is for the ick to madrasah and if they are present inside the same then it is called the endo mycorrhiza now what is the benefit of this association now the fungus which is present on the outer surface of the root of a higher plants that is the extra micro riser tends to increase the surface area of room.
Due to the increase in surface area of fruit the absorption of water and minerals increases and due to the increase in the water and minerals uptake the growth of the Clark is tends to happen very quickly alright and if the fungus is present inside the root of the higher plant that is the endo mycorrhiza these helps in absorption of these waters and minerals in the plants already.
That is why again they are adding to the vigorous growth of the plant the relationship between the fungus and the higher plants is a symbiotic type of relationship in which both the partners get benefitted so in an ecosystem fungus from the symbiotic association with the higher plants in which both get benefitted so this is the second ecological function of fungi now the third ecological function of and fungi is there there is also relationship between the fungus and the insect many insect has to lay.
Their eggs on the fungi and by laying the legs on this fungi and there is a larval development these larvae are tend to absorb the nutrients from these fungi and grow and this is how the insect larvae are growing on the fungus provide the nutrition cookie growing larvas of the insect in this relationship the larvas or the insect get benefitted but Congress do not have any benefit that is why we cannot say that this is M Simba at a type of association all right so found us again provide this shelter and a habitat for T larvae of the insect.
That is why again proving very useful in an ecosystem all right the next ecological function of fungi is that there are a relationship with algae as you know that the relationship between algae and fungi famously known as the lichens right now these lichens are very very important organisms because in our process for succession in which the parent land is converted into the life is started with these fungus because on the barren land these of fungus first started to grow and start the process of weirdo Genesis as you know in the process of Perl Genesis.
There is a formation of soil then there is a no life on these rock systems like and came into the picture and start the process of pyrolysis and in the process the from the soil and after forming the soil these small plants came there they indeed large floods and eventually the all lifeless rock is God converted into the forest ecosystem that is the lifeless form is converted into the life form alright so the beginning of this process of ecological succession started with the lichen and lichen is nothing worthy combination of fungi plus algae playing a very important role in the association and in a consequence.
They create the soil which inter four converts the lifeless barren land into in into the forest alright so like in place of very important ecological role of the petal Genesis and the lichen is fed up of fungi and algae and that is why fungus is again very important in an ecosystem that it helped in an ecological succession already the next ecological function of a fungi is fungi completes the food chain now here is the example of fortune here are the plans that is the leaf.
Which is eaten by the caterpillar now this caterpillar is eaten by the chameleon now this chameleon is eaten by the snake and now this snake is eaten by the man whoops now these mangoes is not available to the plant right plants cannot eat these mangoes but what happened in between when this mangoes got tired on this diet mangoes fungus and the other bacterias add and decomposed this mangoes into the simple organic compound.
This simple organic compound which is present in the soil is now readily available to the plugs that roots of the plants can absorb this simple organic compounds from the soil but transferring these simple organic compound from the monk push to the Sligh this perform by the decomposers that is the fungi and bacteria so fungus plays a very important role in completing the food web right without them the photograph.