There are a total of 12 types of pharmacies so today we’re going to go through them and hopefully you’ll learn something new the first one is the community pharmacy as you can see the community is the one that’s most loan on my people it is also known as a retail pharmacy it usually consists of a retail front store. Where they have over-the-counter medications and some stored even have like other daily use stuff that you can buy and then into the back end they have a dispensary where medications are stored and dispensed like over here the next type of pharmacy is called a hospital pharmacy.
That is a pharmacy that’s usually found within the premises of the hospital so Hospital usually contains a like a large rate a larger range of medication for their patients in the hospital and there are two types of hospital pharmacy – one is the inpatient pharmacy and the other one is outpatient pharmacy if the inpatient pharmacy that’s where they help you know dispense medications for patients inside the hospital but as when you’re done with it then you’re ready to get discharged then that’s where you go to the outpatient pharmacy where you pick up your medications to go home and in the pharmacy in the hospital.
They usually would have a larger range of medication that have like more specialized medications such as IV so these are medications you don’t usually see in a community pharmacy the next type of pharmacy is called clinical pharmacy so this type of pharmacy is usually found in a clinic setting where you have erecta patient care services and it usually optimizes the use of medication it promotes health wellness and disease prevention so an example of a clinical pharmacy would be for patients taking warfarin who have to be monitored with their anticoagulation status.
So, These clinics are usually called anticoagulation clinic and that’s a type of clinical pharmacy so I hope that you see the difference between clinical and hospital pharmacy the next one is ambulatory care pharmacy so in ambulatory care pharmacy the pharmacist in this setting they don’t actually stay in a dispense drugs at all they’re more of like a primary care physician and they rather they see patients in an office visit and they usually might manage like chronic disease states like diabetes hypertension.
The next type of pharmacy is a compounding pharmacy so compounding pharmacy is where the practice of preparing drugs in new forms where is not commercially available an example would be like if you are looking for medication in a lollipop or in a solution but the only thing that’s available for that medication is in a tablet form then the compounding pharmacy would be the one to help you actually make that medication into a lollipop or into a solution solution that you can take the next type of pharmacy is a consultant pharmacy so in the consultant pharmacy we focus more on a medication regimen review so as you can see you know in a patient can take like 20 sometimes 30 medications.
I have I have had those patients before and so with that you’d have a lot of drug drug interactions and we need a consultant pharmacist to look over your medication make sure that there’s no drug drug interactions and the patients are safe in taking all those medication so it’s not really dispensing medication at all but is more on the consultation side the next type of pharmacy is an internet pharmacy so right now there are a lot of online pharmacies that are internet-based vendors of prescription drugs but it can be tricky purchasing medications from internet pharmacies one of the reasons are that you don’t know if they’re reliable.
If they are certified by the right you know Association or a government body and if you don’t know if you don’t have a relationship with them how do you trust where do their medications so you know knowing which pharmacies are legitimate and very important for internet pharmacy the next type of pharmacy is veterinary pharmacy so veterinary pharmacy they usually of course a stocked medication specifically for animals so animals of course will be able will need different forms of medications.
They don’t always take capsules or tablets right so you have to come up with creative ways so sometimes veterinary pharmacy and compounding pharmacy can be combined together the next type of pharmacy is a nuclear pharmacy so the nuclear pharmacy focuses on preparing radioactive materials for diagnostic tests such as tea CT scan and is for treating certain diseases.
So, nuclear pharmacy is a very specialized type of pharmacy the next one is a military pharmacy so in the military pharmacy is an entirely different working environment due to the fact that the technicians they perform most duties that in the normal community setting or civilian sector. it would be considered illegal so an example would be for in the Roma community pharmacy the ratio of compound technician to the pharmacist is with one pharmacist.
You can we have one technician working for you in a community Senate setting but in the military pharmacy setting you can have a lot of technicians working under just one pharmacist so that that rule doesn’t really for community pharmacy but in military that’s okay so as pharmacy technicians don’t have to follow the rules like regular pharmacy technicians in the community setting the next type of Pharmacy is pharmacy informatics.
This is the combination of pharmacy practice science with the Applied Information science this is a growing field it’s very well needed so for those of you who don’t like to interact with people and who likes you know information formatic like IT and things like that this is a great field to get into so the next type of pharmacy I want to talk to you about is called specialty pharmacy.
This is new type of pharmacy that has been around since the last couple of years and they are the type that will carry really new medications that cost a lot of money and sometimes. we’re talking about in the tens of thousands of dollars so in order for a specialty pharmacy to carry these medications they need to have them enough funding to keep it in storage as well as they have to administer it and carefully monitor the patients and manage locations clinically as well so the first thing we need to do is they need to provide lab monitoring they also need to counsel the patients on also take medications very carefully and they also need to help patients with cost containment strategies.