Mechanisms of Plant Growth

Plants grow and develop in several ways, but they all start with the meristem cells that we talked about earlier in the series. As a refresher, meristematic cells are undifferentiated, meaning that they don’t have a specific job assigned to them when they first form. That means that when meristem cells divide, they can produce … Read more

Types of Plant Tissues

Plants have three main types of tissues, and all of these tissues are comprised of the plant cells we discussed in the previous tutorial, so let’s go through these types of tissue now. First up, ground tissue makes up the majority of a plant’s body, so to speak, and it’s broken up into three subgroups … Read more

Types of Plant Cells

Plants are living organisms, so like any other organism on the planet, we know that they must be made of cells. And more importantly, plants are rather large multicellular organisms, so we should say they are made specifically of eukaryotic cells, just as all multicellular organisms are. As we learned in the biology series, eukaryotic … Read more

Introduction to Botany

There we came to understand what cells are and how they function, as well as what it means to be alive. We’ve also learned about biochemistry in my biochemistry series, so we know about the molecular components of cells, and we understand how chemical processes occur within cells, including how energy is produced. And in … Read more

Health Benefits of Lions Mane Mushrooms

Lions made mushrooms can also contribute to heart health by preventing the oxidization of cholesterol within the bloodstream and contain a compound called heronosine b which decreases the rate of blood clotting thus lowering the risk of stroke or heart attack cool i was not aware of that until i just started researching recently so … Read more

Fungal Morphology: The Parts of a Mushroom

Fungi differ significantly in their size and shape, from tiny single-celled yeasts to the largest living organism on Earth, the honey mushroom. And within this kingdom, the most familiar organisms are certainly the wide variety of mushrooms that exist. Given the incredible diversity of mushroom species, it is crucial to know the general structure of … Read more

Carbenes : Properties and Formation

Carbon atoms deviate from this configuration in one way or another, we get an unstable, and therefore highly reactive species. First we learned about carbocations. These occur when a tetravalent carbon atom loses a bond and therefore makes only three bonds, for a total of six electrons in its outer shell. Contributing only three electrons … Read more

Basidiomycota : Ustilaginomycotina and Pucciniomycotina (Smuts and Rusts)

Basidiomycota, commonly known as the club fungi. Currently, within Basidiomycota, there are three subphyla. Those are Ustilaginomycotina, Pucciniomycotina, and Agaricomycotina. Let’s first examine fungi within the subphylum, Ustilaginomycotina. Generally, fungi within this subphylum are known as smuts, or fungi that cause diseases in plants. These smuts fall into the class Ustilaginomycetes, then the order Ustilaginales. … Read more